A refractive error occurs when light is not focused properly on the retina at the back of the eye.

The curved surface of the eyeball bends light, much like a magnifying glass. This is called refraction. As the light is refracted it should focus on the retina, which lines the back surface of the eye.

Light enters your eye through two curved surfaces. First it passes through the cornea where most of the focusing occurs. Next, the lens, slightly adjusts the light to focus on the retina.

If the light focuses ahead of the retina, the eye is nearsighted or myopic. If the light focuses behind the retina, it is farsighted, or hyperopic. Astigmatism can result when the eye is unevenly rounded. Imperfections of the cornea or lens can also cause Astigmatism.

Glasses and contact lenses are made to bend light at a precise angle to offset the error that occurs in your eye. Surgery and corneal molding may also be options for the correction of refractive errors.

Please consult your eye care professional to discuss the solution that is best for you.

Glaucoma, often referred to as “the silent thief of sight”, can occur with no warning signs, pain or symptoms. It affects 3 million people in the United States and has caused blindness in over 120,000 people. Glaucoma cannot be cured, but if detected early can be managed to limit its effects.

Glaucoma usually occurs when there is an increase of pressure within your eye, but can occur with normal eye pressure as well. This pressure causes damage to the optic nerve, which is the weakest part of your eye, leading to decreased peripheral vision and possibly blindness.

Your eye is divided into two chambers, the anterior chamber at the front of the eye, and the posterior chamber at the back. A fluid, called the aqueous humor, is produced by the cilliary body and circulates between the two chambers to clean and nourish your eye. Once it reaches the edge of your iris it leaves the eye through an opening called the trabecular meshwork.

With glaucoma, more fluid is produced than can be removed, which leads to an increase in pressure in the anterior chamber. Eventually the pressure throughout your eye increases, exerting force on the neural fibers of your optic nerve. Over time this causes damage to the optic nerve, which leads to partial or total vision loss.

There are a number of risk factors for glaucoma including age, ethnicity, family history, and certain medical disorders such as diabetes. If you are at a higher risk for glaucoma be sure and consult with your eye care provider regularly to increase your chance of early detection.

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